Definitions of Alternative therapies

1. Introduction

In this article, we define the various methods of therapy which we have done a comparative study on.

2. Definition of Allopathy


Allopathy or Allopathic medicine is defined as the treatment of disease using conventional, evidence-based medical therapies, as opposed to the use of alternative medicine or non-conventional therapies. The term was coined in 1842 by C.F.S. Hahnemann to distinguish the usual practice of medicine from Homeopathy, the system of therapy that he founded.





3. Definition of Yunani (Unani) medicine

Yunani (Unani)


This is a term used to refer to Graeco-Arabic medicine based on the teachings of Hippocrates, Galen, and Avicenna. It is based on the four humours: Phlegm (Balgham), Blood (Dam), Yellow bile (Safra) and Black bile (Sauda). It is heavily influenced by Islam.





4. Definition of Acupressure



Acupressure is a technique in which physical pressure is applied to specific points by hand, elbow, or various devices to improve health and well-being. There are about 1,100 acupressure points in the body that relate to specific parts and organs of the body. Acupressure points used in treatment may or may not be in the same area of the body as the targeted symptom. By applying pressure on the specific acupressure points, the imbalance in the energy flow to that particular part or organ is modified. In this therapy, no medicine or surgery is involved.




5. Definition of Mudra



In this therapy, various postures of fingers are used by themselves or directed at a body part or specific Kunḍalinī chakra. The specific posture of the fingers causes channelising of energy into and outside the body. The type of energy channelised depends on the spiritual level of the person. In a person of lower spiritual level, mostly gross physical energy is channelised. In a person with higher spiritual level, it is the subtle energies, like the Kundalini energy, that is channelised. In this therapy no medicine is used.

Source: Spiritual Science Research Foundation




6. Definition of Homeopathy



A system of therapy based on the concept that disease can be treated with the same drugs (in minute doses) that are capable of producing the same symptoms in healthy people as the disease itself.






7. Definition of Āyurvēda



This comprehensive system of medicine, with ancient medical textbooks dating 5,000 and 6,000 years ago, places equal emphasis on body, mind, and spirit. The goal is to restore the natural harmony of the individual. An Ayurvedic doctor identifies an individual’s constitution or overall health profile and any imbalances, by ascertaining the patient’s metabolic (dosha) body type [vata (wind), pitta (bile), or kapha (phlegm)], through a series of personal history questions, examining the pulse, tongue, nails and other tools. The patient’s imbalances, in context of constitution, then become the foundation of a specific treatment plan designed to guide the individual back into harmony with his or her environment. This plan may include dietary changes, exercise, yoga, meditation, massage, herbal tonics and other remedies.